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Hello reader how are you I hope you all are awesome so here in this blog I posted the Methods of printing included old to new methods like xylography serigraphy and flexography details and when it’s started.
Oldest Methods of printing xylography
Hello, guys today I will talk about an old Method of printing xylography have you ever think in old times the printing is on-demand and how they engrave the pictures and text into the stones and wooden block where was the printing process is started we don’t know about it but in the book and other sources we find that the origin of the print process is china its widely spread.
In the middle of 18 to 19 century during the period of the Buddhist community they used it to spread their quotes and thoughts to people they used a wooden block and engrave some text into it and put it into the ink of natural flowers and roots after the dip, they put out and print those text into paper and clothes and give to their follower for distributing to the peoples of there city.
An old method of printing xylography
Methods of Printing xylography also known as woodblock printing wooden block also generally known as stencil and stamp we know that the stamp and stencil are used to print company logo and date on paper or documents signatures everyone knows the importance of government stamps without it no one can do important and legal work but when it was started it was started in 1000 of years ago around 3000 BC.
Egyptian first cylindrical wooden carving stone they used it to print large clothes and make some beautiful art on it the process of carving wood into a different pattern with a chisel or sharp tool is called xylography you can print only one colour from one block if you want to print multiple colours then you use multiple blocks
Other methods of printing xylography
- Rubbing:- Rubbing is a method used by Europeans. They put it onto the top of fabric and paper. They press the block by hammer or hand and simply rub it to engrave or print the image.
- Printing press:- A modern method of print several surfaces. It is a quick and advanced method of printing in a wide range, it was started in china and now a day it’s used by all of the countries.
- Colour block printing:-Its a method to print three color beautiful pictures the first picture was the diamond sutra in the 1314 century.
Did you know?
Xylography does not appear as a print in English until 1816 but it is the oldest method linked to the oldest practices the oldest known printed works founds in China and Japan were made by xylography, A method of carving wood and dipped into the ink and applied to paper.
This method of wood-block printing appeared in Europe in the 14th century and eventually inspired Johannes Gutenberg to create individual and reusable pieces of type out of metal. These days can also describe the technique of engraving wood for purely artistic purposes.
Xylography advantages and disadvantages
English speakers picked up the word from French, where it was formed as a combination of xyl-, meaning “wood,” and -graphic, which denotes writing in a specified manner. you can use a different shape of woodblock according to your design its like a stencil you can print by different shape of woodblock.
- It can add a simple yet intriguing effect to your item.
- This allows you to add text, patterns or images to your item.
- There is a simple way to transfer.
- Pattern carving on wood can be difficult, because.
- It requires a lot of skill and a steady hand!
- This can get extremely messy with the use of paint!
The second method of printing
Screen Printing / Serigraphy the methods of printing what is the screen method, when it was started and what its use for screen printing: is a lifeline of the printing business because its changes the whole method of printing its also known as serigraphy
Serigraphy/ Screen printing
It is a method of print where transfer colour to a textile by using a silkscreen First design your idea onto paper and cut your design with a sharp tool it’s like a stencil After that put your design on a silkscreen.
what is silkscreen?
Silkscreen is a frame that is made up of fine silk cloth and framed by wooden or metal blocks after your design is ready simply put on onto the screen. Now take your desire cloth or textile.
Where you want to print be sure your design is tightly pasted on screen and remember don’t use glue now put the screen onto the cloth or fabric and apply textile paint or colour on it squeeze with a squeezing tool Screen Printing / Serigraphy forward and backward gently your design will be applied on your fabric.
Where it starts silkscreen Printing?
Its started in 1439 by German inventor Johannes Gutenberg. At the end of 15th century, It is famous to the 270 cities in Europe It started an event known as the printing revolution.
Its spreaded all across the world this gave people the ability to rapidly circulate information and ideas. The invention of the printing press decreases the cost of printing The printing press estimated did 20 million copies between 1455 and 1500 centuries.
The design of Gutenberg style printing presses was able to output around 240 pages per hour. The mechanics will remain same during industrial revolution They do only two modification and its change the history of printing The first one was the use of steam power instead of physical manpower. and the second modification was the use of rotating cylinders instead of a flatbed.
The new advanced screen printing machine
The modern technology of serigraphy Screen printing can be a task and requires a bit of manual effort. How it is possible, if you are a medium or large scale screen printer, you cannot afford to have a manual process under your roof.
You need to automate this process You need a way to print thousands of screen-printed machines at a time so in the market variety of automatic machine are available Day by day our technology is growing so the machines also grow huge. The work also gets easy i hope you guys get the knowledge about the Serigraphy
A modern method of printing
Hello, guys today i am going to tell you about Methods of Printing Flexography Flexography also called flexo a method of the printing process which utilizes a plastic plate. It is an advanced version of letterpress, which can be print any material like plastic films paper and cellophane it is used to print on non-porous substances used for various type of food packing material in this method, a high-speed rotary are evolved.
When it was started Method of Printing Flexography
Flexography was started in 1890 built by Bibby baron and his sons They are lived in Liverpool,England The device is known as Bibby’s folly and ink was water base which was smeared easily After that Europeans using the rubber plate and flexography method of printing oil-based ink on printing press that time new printing process was called aniline printing .
In, 1920 the most of machines were built in Germany called Gummidrucks or Rubber printing After that its used to print on food packing material in the USA.
Flexography where it uses and functions:-
Advanced method of printing also knows as lithography where a wider range of ink uses. oil-based ink is better than water based ink. It can be print on different types of material like plastic sheets foil brown paper or any packing material.
The product used to print is mostly flexible shopping bags and food packing, flexible packaging including retail and shopping bags, food and hygiene bags and sacks, milk and beverage cartons, flexible plastics, self-adhesive labels, disposable cups and containers.
In the day now it move towards the laminate it a process where two materials bond together Newspaper was also print by lithography It use fast dry ink which have the good result, faster production, which results in lower costs. printing speed is 750 meters per minute which is possible by modern machines Flexo printing is commonly used in Large scale industry where it print large roll of material.
What is advantages
Why we use this method of printing process It runs in very high-speed print speed is more than 750 sq meters per minute it can print on a variety of materials requires low cost maintenance high durability with best performance low cost on prints ideal for long term use its handle printing, laminating, varnishing in a single pass.
What it is disadvantages
The cost was so high but if you care properly it can give us million of outputs it is a complex machine a large amount of waste material produces it’s hard to repair so guys i hope my blog is informative for more click this.
This method is very good for industry work because it’s fast you give a better product to your customers Thousand of materials prints in one time You can also check my another post where.